Urologic Oncology

Urologic oncology refers to the field of medicine that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of cancers that affect the urinary system in both women and men and reproductive organs in men. These cancers can include those of the kidneys, prostate, bladder, testicles, and penis.

  • Kidney cancer occurs when abnormal cells in the kidneys start to grow uncontrollably, forming a tumor. It can sometimes cause symptoms like blood in the urine or pain in the back or side. The most common cause of kidney cancer is smoking.
  • Prostate cancer occurs in the prostate gland, which is a part of the male reproductive system. It usually develops slowly and may not cause noticeable symptoms in its early stages. As it progresses, symptoms may include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine or semen, and discomfort in the pelvic area. With prostate cancer being as common as 1 in every 5 men, we encourage all men to get screened from ages 55 to 70 years old, especially if there is a family history.
  • Bladder cancer starts in the cells of the bladder, which is the organ responsible for storing urine. It can cause symptoms such as blood in the urine, frequent urination, pain during urination, and lower back pain.
  • Testicular cancer develops in the testicles, which are the male reproductive organs that produce sperm. Signs of testicular cancer may include a painless lump or swelling in the testicles, testicular pain or discomfort, and a dull ache in the lower abdomen or groin.
  • Penile cancer affects the penis, and it usually starts as changes in the skin, such as sores, redness, or thickening. Other symptoms can include a lump on the penis, bleeding, discharge, or changes in urination.

When to Contact Us

Early detection and timely treatment of urologic cancers can improve outcomes, so it’s important to stay aware of any changes in urinary or reproductive function. Talk to your doctor if you have any concerning symptoms.

The physicians of Augusta Urology Associates play a major role in the multidisciplinary treatment of urologic cancers. Our surgeons perform diagnostic and definitive procedures for cancers affecting the male and female urinary tracts and the male reproductive system.

Each patient is different, and not all urologic cancers are treated the same way. The physicians at Augusta Urology Associates can help explain the best treatment options based on each patient’s individual case.


Diagnosis and treatment of urologic cancers depends on many factors, such as the type and stage of cancer. It may involve tests like imaging scans, biopsies, or blood tests to find out if you have cancer and how advanced it is. Treatment may include minimally invasive surgery with the Da Vinci Xi Robot or other targeted therapy depending on the specific cancer and its characteristics.

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